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The Patents Act, 1970
The Patents Act, 1970
An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to patents.
Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade
The Patents Rules, 2003
The Patents (Amendment) rules, 2006
The Patents (Amendment) rules, 2012
The Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2013
The Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2014
The Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2016
The Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2017
The Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2019
Corrigendum: The Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2019
Patents Amendment Rules 2020
Patents (2nd Amendment) Rules, 2020
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The Patents Act, 1970
INVENTIONS NOT PATENTABLE
APPLICATIONS FOR PATENTS
PUBLICATION AND EXAMINATION OF APPLICATIONS
OPPOSITION PROCEEDINGS TO GRANT OF PATENTS
PROVISIONS FOR SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS
GRANT OF PATENTS AND RIGHTS CONFERRED THEREBY
PATENTS OF ADDITION
AMENDMENT OF APPLICATIONS AND SPECIFICATIONS
RESTORATION OF LAPSED PATENTS
SURRENDER AND REVOCATION OF PATENTS
REGISTER OF PATENTS
PATENT OFFICE AND ITS ESTABLISHMENT
POWERS OF CONTROLLER GENERALLY
WORKING OF PATENTS, COMPULSORY LICENCES AND REVOCATION
USE OF INVENTIONS FOR PURPOSES OF GOVERNMENT AND ACQUISITION OF INVENTIONS BY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
SUITS CONCERNING INFRINGEMENT OF PATENTS
APPEALS TO THE APPELLATE BOARD
Short title, extent and commencement.
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Definitions and interpretation.
What are not inventions.
Inventions relating to atomic energy not patentable.
Persons entitled to apply for patents.
Form of application.
Information and undertaking regarding foreign applications.
Provisional and complete specifications.
Contents of specifications.
Priority dates of claims of a complete specification.
Publication of applications.
Request for examination.
Examination of application.
Search for anticipation by previous publication and by prior claim.
Consideration of report of examiner by Controller.
Power of Controller to refuse or require amended applications, etc., in certain cases.
Power of Controller to make orders respecting division of application.
Power of Controller to make orders respecting dating of application.
Powers of Controller in cases of anticipation.
Powers of Controller in case of potential infringement.
Powers of Controller to make orders regarding substitution of applicants etc.
Time for putting application in order for grant.
Opposition to patent.
In cases of "obtaining" Controller may treat the patent as the patent of opponent.
Mention of inventor as such in patent.
Anticipation by previous publication.
Anticipation by previous communication to Government.
Anticipation by public display, etc.
Anticipation by public working.
Anticipation by use and publication after provisional specification.
No anticipation if circumstances are only as described in sections 29, 30, 31 and 32.
Secrecy directions relating to inventions relevant for defence purposes.
Secrecy directions to be periodically reviewed.
Consequences of secrecy directions.
Revocation of secrecy directions and extension of time.
Residents not to apply for patents outside India without prior permission.
Liability for contravention of section 35 or section 39.
Finality of orders of Controller and Central Government.
Savings respecting disclosure to Government.
Grant of patents.
Amendment of patent granted to deceased applicant.
Date of patent.
Form, extent and effect of patent.
Grant of patents to be subject to certain conditions.
Rights of patentees.
Patent rights not infringed when used on foreign vessels, etc., temporarily or accidentally in India.
Rights of co-owners of patents.
Power of Controller to give directions to co-owners.
Grant of patent to true and first inventions where it has been obtained by another in fraud of him.
Term of patent.
Patents of addition.
Term of patents of addition.
Validity of patents of addition.
Amendment of application and specification before Controller.
Amendment of specification before Appellate Board or High Court.
Supplementary provisions as to amendment of application or specification.
Applications for restoration of lapsed patents.
Procedure for disposal of applications for restoration of lapsed patents.
Rights of patentees of lapsed patents which have been restored.
Surrender of patents.
Revocation of Power patents.
Revocation of patent or amendment of complete specification on directions from Government in cases relating to atomic energy.
Revocation of patent in public interest.
Register of patents and particulars to be entered therein.
Assignments, etc., not to be valid unless in writing and duly executed.
Registration of assignments, transmissions, etc.
Power of registered grantee or proprietor to deal with patent.
Rectification of register by Appellate Board.
Register to be open for inspection.
Controller and other officers.
Patent office and its branches.
Restriction on employees of patent office as to right or interest in patents.
Officers and employees not to furnish information, etc.
Controller to have certain powers of a civil court.
Power of Controller to correct clerical errors, etc.
Evidence how to be given and powers of Controller in respect thereof.
Exercise of discretionary powers by Controller.
Disposal by Controller of applications for extension of time.
Definition of "patented articles" and "patentee".
General principles applicable to working of patented inventions.
Revocation of patents by the Controller for non-working.
Power of Controller to adjourn applications for compulsory licences, etc., in certain cases.
Procedure for dealing with applications under sections 84 and 85.
Powers of Controller in granting compulsory licences.
General purposes for granting compulsory licences.
Terms and conditions of compulsory licences.
Licensing of related patents.
Special provision for compulsory licences on notifications by Central Government.
Compulsory licence for export of patented pharmaceutical products in certain exceptional circumstances.
Order for licence to operate as a deed between parties concerned.
Termination of compulsory licence.
Meaning of use of invention for purposes of Government.
Power of Central Government to use inventions for purposes of Government.
Rights of third parties in respect of use of invention for purposes of Government.
Acquisition of inventions and patents by the Central Government.
Reference to High Court of disputes as to use for purposes of Government.
Burden of proof in case of suits concerning infringement.
Power of court to make declaration as to non-infringement.
Power of court to grant relief in cases of groundless threats of infringement proceedings.
Defences, etc., in suit for infringement.
Certain acts not to be considered as infringement.
Reliefs in suits for infringement.
Right of exclusive licensee to take proceedings against infringement.
Right of licensee under section 84 to take proceedings against infringement.
Restriction on power of court to grant damages or account of profits for infringement.
Certificate of validity of specification and costs of subsequent suits for infringement thereof.
Relief for infringement of partially valid specification.
Staff of Appellate Board.
Appeals to Appellate Board.
Procedure and powers of Appellate Board.
Bar of jurisdiction of courts, etc.
Procedure for application for rectification, etc., before Appellate Board.
Appearance of Controller in legal proceedings.
Costs of Controller in proceedings before Appellate Board.
Transfer of pending proceedings to Appellate Board.
Power of Appellate Board to make rules.
Contravention of Secrecy provisions relating to certain inventions.
Falsification of entries in register, etc.
Unauthorised claim of patent rights.
Wrongful use of words "patent office".
Refusal or failure to supply information.
Practice by non-registered patent agents.
Offences by companies.
Register of patent agents.
Qualifications for registration as patent agents.
Rights of patent agents.
Subscription and verification of certain documents by patent agents.
Restrictions on practice as patent agents.
Removal from register of patent agents and restoration.
Power of Controller to refuse to deal with certain agents.
Savings in respect of other persons authorised to act as agents.
Notification as to countries not providing for reciprocity.
Special provisions relating to convention applications.
Supplementary provisions as to convention applications.
Other provisions of Act to apply to convention applications.
Avoidance of certain restrictive conditions.
Determination of certain contracts.
Restrictions upon publication of specification.
Reports of Examiners to be confidential.
Publication of official journal.
Power of Controller to call for information from patentees.
Evidence of entries, documents, etc.
Declaration by infant, lunatic, etc.
Service of notices, etc., by post.
Security for costs.
Transmission of orders of courts to Controller.
Information relating to Patents.
Loss or destruction of Patents.
Reports of Controller to be placed before Parliament.
Patent to bind Government.
Right of Government to sell or use forfeited articles.
Protection of security of India.
Power of High Courts to make rules.
Power of Central Government to make rules.
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Rules to be placed before Parliament.
Repeal of Act 2 of 1911 in so far as it relates to patents and savings.
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